Gender differences in stigma and community support among people living with HIV/AIDS in Thailand

Fumihiko Yokota, Mark J. Vanlandingham

研究成果: 著書/レポートタイプへの貢献

1 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

This study compares the levels of both stigma and community support as perceived and experienced by Thai men and women living with HIV/AIDS and investigates individual factors, which can explain the gender differences in stigma and community support in Thailand. Data were collected from 412 members of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) support organizations in Bangkok and Northern Thai provinces in 2000. An assisted, self-administered survey instrument was used. The proportion of respondents who reported perceived stigma from people in their communities was significantly higher among male PLWHAs (46 %) than females PLWHAs (34 %). Male PLWHAs were significantly less likely than female PLWHAs to perceive community support (58 % vs. 73 %) and also to experience community support (15 % vs. 26 %). The multivariate analyses presented here indicate that much of the male disadvantage with regard to HIV-related social stigma and community support in Thailand appears largely due to differences between men and women in the sample; several of these differences are also found in the population of male and female PLWHAs throughout Thailand. These differences include the following: (1) Male PLWHAs had on average more visible AIDS symptoms than females, a factor associated not only with more advanced illness but also increased stigma and less community support; (2) male PLWHAs were less likely than females to be widowed, a factor strongly associated with increased community sympathy and support; and (3) male PLWHAs in our sample were more likely than females to reside in Bangkok, which has more hostile community responses toward PLWHAs than Northern Thai provinces.

元の言語英語
ホスト出版物のタイトルStigma, Discrimination and Living with HIV/AIDS
ホスト出版物のサブタイトルA Cross-Cultural Perspective
出版者Springer Netherlands
ページ399-415
ページ数17
9789400763241
ISBN(電子版)9789400763241
ISBN(印刷物)9400763239, 9789400763234
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 12 1 2013

Fingerprint

Thailand
gender-specific factors
AIDS
community
sympathy
illness

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences(all)

これを引用

Yokota, F., & Vanlandingham, M. J. (2013). Gender differences in stigma and community support among people living with HIV/AIDS in Thailand. : Stigma, Discrimination and Living with HIV/AIDS: A Cross-Cultural Perspective (巻 9789400763241, pp. 399-415). Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6324-1_23

Gender differences in stigma and community support among people living with HIV/AIDS in Thailand. / Yokota, Fumihiko; Vanlandingham, Mark J.

Stigma, Discrimination and Living with HIV/AIDS: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. 巻 9789400763241 Springer Netherlands, 2013. p. 399-415.

研究成果: 著書/レポートタイプへの貢献

Yokota, F & Vanlandingham, MJ 2013, Gender differences in stigma and community support among people living with HIV/AIDS in Thailand. : Stigma, Discrimination and Living with HIV/AIDS: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. 巻. 9789400763241, Springer Netherlands, pp. 399-415. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6324-1_23
Yokota F, Vanlandingham MJ. Gender differences in stigma and community support among people living with HIV/AIDS in Thailand. : Stigma, Discrimination and Living with HIV/AIDS: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. 巻 9789400763241. Springer Netherlands. 2013. p. 399-415 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6324-1_23
Yokota, Fumihiko ; Vanlandingham, Mark J. / Gender differences in stigma and community support among people living with HIV/AIDS in Thailand. Stigma, Discrimination and Living with HIV/AIDS: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. 巻 9789400763241 Springer Netherlands, 2013. pp. 399-415
@inbook{03d62d00950942f9b9ff8900efa3960b,
title = "Gender differences in stigma and community support among people living with HIV/AIDS in Thailand",
abstract = "This study compares the levels of both stigma and community support as perceived and experienced by Thai men and women living with HIV/AIDS and investigates individual factors, which can explain the gender differences in stigma and community support in Thailand. Data were collected from 412 members of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) support organizations in Bangkok and Northern Thai provinces in 2000. An assisted, self-administered survey instrument was used. The proportion of respondents who reported perceived stigma from people in their communities was significantly higher among male PLWHAs (46 {\%}) than females PLWHAs (34 {\%}). Male PLWHAs were significantly less likely than female PLWHAs to perceive community support (58 {\%} vs. 73 {\%}) and also to experience community support (15 {\%} vs. 26 {\%}). The multivariate analyses presented here indicate that much of the male disadvantage with regard to HIV-related social stigma and community support in Thailand appears largely due to differences between men and women in the sample; several of these differences are also found in the population of male and female PLWHAs throughout Thailand. These differences include the following: (1) Male PLWHAs had on average more visible AIDS symptoms than females, a factor associated not only with more advanced illness but also increased stigma and less community support; (2) male PLWHAs were less likely than females to be widowed, a factor strongly associated with increased community sympathy and support; and (3) male PLWHAs in our sample were more likely than females to reside in Bangkok, which has more hostile community responses toward PLWHAs than Northern Thai provinces.",
author = "Fumihiko Yokota and Vanlandingham, {Mark J.}",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/978-94-007-6324-1_23",
language = "English",
isbn = "9400763239",
volume = "9789400763241",
pages = "399--415",
booktitle = "Stigma, Discrimination and Living with HIV/AIDS",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
address = "Netherlands",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Gender differences in stigma and community support among people living with HIV/AIDS in Thailand

AU - Yokota, Fumihiko

AU - Vanlandingham, Mark J.

PY - 2013/12/1

Y1 - 2013/12/1

N2 - This study compares the levels of both stigma and community support as perceived and experienced by Thai men and women living with HIV/AIDS and investigates individual factors, which can explain the gender differences in stigma and community support in Thailand. Data were collected from 412 members of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) support organizations in Bangkok and Northern Thai provinces in 2000. An assisted, self-administered survey instrument was used. The proportion of respondents who reported perceived stigma from people in their communities was significantly higher among male PLWHAs (46 %) than females PLWHAs (34 %). Male PLWHAs were significantly less likely than female PLWHAs to perceive community support (58 % vs. 73 %) and also to experience community support (15 % vs. 26 %). The multivariate analyses presented here indicate that much of the male disadvantage with regard to HIV-related social stigma and community support in Thailand appears largely due to differences between men and women in the sample; several of these differences are also found in the population of male and female PLWHAs throughout Thailand. These differences include the following: (1) Male PLWHAs had on average more visible AIDS symptoms than females, a factor associated not only with more advanced illness but also increased stigma and less community support; (2) male PLWHAs were less likely than females to be widowed, a factor strongly associated with increased community sympathy and support; and (3) male PLWHAs in our sample were more likely than females to reside in Bangkok, which has more hostile community responses toward PLWHAs than Northern Thai provinces.

AB - This study compares the levels of both stigma and community support as perceived and experienced by Thai men and women living with HIV/AIDS and investigates individual factors, which can explain the gender differences in stigma and community support in Thailand. Data were collected from 412 members of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) support organizations in Bangkok and Northern Thai provinces in 2000. An assisted, self-administered survey instrument was used. The proportion of respondents who reported perceived stigma from people in their communities was significantly higher among male PLWHAs (46 %) than females PLWHAs (34 %). Male PLWHAs were significantly less likely than female PLWHAs to perceive community support (58 % vs. 73 %) and also to experience community support (15 % vs. 26 %). The multivariate analyses presented here indicate that much of the male disadvantage with regard to HIV-related social stigma and community support in Thailand appears largely due to differences between men and women in the sample; several of these differences are also found in the population of male and female PLWHAs throughout Thailand. These differences include the following: (1) Male PLWHAs had on average more visible AIDS symptoms than females, a factor associated not only with more advanced illness but also increased stigma and less community support; (2) male PLWHAs were less likely than females to be widowed, a factor strongly associated with increased community sympathy and support; and (3) male PLWHAs in our sample were more likely than females to reside in Bangkok, which has more hostile community responses toward PLWHAs than Northern Thai provinces.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84933576334&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84933576334&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-94-007-6324-1_23

DO - 10.1007/978-94-007-6324-1_23

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84933576334

SN - 9400763239

SN - 9789400763234

VL - 9789400763241

SP - 399

EP - 415

BT - Stigma, Discrimination and Living with HIV/AIDS

PB - Springer Netherlands

ER -