As one major foodborne pathogen, Salmonella can cause serious food poisoning outbreaks worldwide. Bacteriophage therapy is increasingly considered as one of the promising antibacterial agents for the biocontrol of foodborne pathogens. In the current study, a lytic phage STG2 capable of infecting S. enteritidis and S. typhimurium was characterized, and its efficacy in reducing these foodborne pathogens in both planktonic and biofilm forms was evaluated on cabbage and various surfaces. Genomic characterization revealed that phage STG2 was Siphoviridae phage (Epseptimavirus genus) with a dsDNA genome comprising of 114,275 bp and its genome does not contain any genes associated to antibiotic resistance, toxins, lysogeny, or virulence factors. Additionally, phage STG2 exhibited great efficacy in reducing (>2 Log) planktonic cells on cabbage as well as the biofilms formed on cabbage, polystyrene, and stainless steel, suggesting that phage STG2 is capable of simultaneously controlling both S. enteritidis and S. typhimurium contaminations on food and food-related surfaces.
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