GEO-X (GEOspace X-ray imager) is a 50 kg-class small satellite to image the global Earth's magnetosphere in X-rays via solar wind charge exchange emission. A 12U CubeSat will be injected into an elliptical orbit with an apogee distance of ∼40 Earth radii. In order to observe the diffuse soft X-ray emission in 0.3-2 keV and to verify X-ray imaging of the dayside structures of the magnetosphere such as cusps, magnetosheaths and magnetopauses which are identified statistically by in-situ satellite observations, an original light-weight X-ray imaging spectrometer (∼10 kg, ∼10 W, ∼10×10×30 cm) will be carried. The payload is composed of a ultra light-weight MEMS Wolter type-I telescope (∼4×4 deg2 FOV, <10 arcmin resolution) and a high speed CMOS sensor with a thin optical blocking filter (∼2×2 cm2, frame rate ∼20 ms, energy resolution <80 eV FWHM at 0.6 keV). An aimed launch year is 2023-25 corresponding to the 25th solar maximum.