Thin films of AlN and GaN are deposited primarily via the common forms of organometallic vapor phase epitaxy (OMVPE) and molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Sapphire is the most common substrate; however, a host of materials have been used with varying degrees of success. Both growth techniques have been employed by the authors to grow AlN and GaN primarily on 6H-SiC(0001). The mismatch in atomic layer stacking sequences along the growth direction produces inversion domain boundaries in the AlN at the SiC steps; this sequence problem may discourage the nucleation of GaN. Films of AlN and GaN grown by MBE at 650°C are textured; monocrystalline films are achieved at 1050°C by this technique and OMVPE. Donor and acceptor doping of GaN has been achieved via MBE without post growth annealing. Acceptor doping in CVD material requires annealing to displace the H from the Mg and eventually remove it from the material. High brightness light emitting diodes are commercially available; however, numerous concerns regarding metal and nitrogen sources, heteroepitaxial nucleation, the role of buffer layers, surface migration rates as a function of temperature, substantial defect densities and their effect on film and device properties, ohmic and rectifying contacts, wet and dry etching and suitable gate and field insulators must and are being addressed.
|発行部数||2 SPEC. ISS.|
|出版物ステータス||出版済み - 2 1 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry