Gurmarin (Gur) is a peptide that selectively suppresses sweet taste responses in rodents. The inhibitory effect of Gur differs among tongue regions and mouse strains. Recent studies demonstrated that co-expression levels of genes controlling sweet receptors (T1r2/T1r3 heterodimer) versus Gα-protein, gustducin, are much lower in Gur-insensitive posterior circumvallate papillae than in Gur-sensitive anterior fungiform papillae. Here, we investigated the potential link of Gur-sensitivity with the co-expression for T1r2/T1r3 receptors and gustducin by comparing those of taste tissues of Gur-sensitive (B6, dpa congenic strains) and Gur-weakly-sensitive (BALB) strains. The results indicated that co-expression ratios among T1r2, T1r3, and gustducin in the fungiform papillae were significantly lower in Gur-weakly-sensitive BALB mice than in Gur-sensitive B6 and dpa congenic mice. This linkage between Gur-sensitivity and co-expression for T1r2/T1r3 receptors versus gustducin suggests that gustducin may be a key molecule involved in the pathway for Gur-sensitive sweet responses.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 3 7 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology