The halide-binding properties of N-confused porphyrin (NCP, 1) and doubly N-confused porphyrins (trans-N2CP (2), cis-N2CP (3)) were examined in CH2Cl2. In the free-base forms, cis-N 2CP (3) showed the highest affinity to each anion (Cl-, Br-, I-) with association constants Ka = 7.8 × 103, 1.9 × 103, and 5.8 × 10 2 M-1, respectively. As metal complexes, on the other hand, trans-N2CP 2-Cu exhibited the highest affinity to Cl -, Br-, and I- with Ka = 9.0 × 104, 2.7 × 104, and 1.9 × 103 M-1, respectively. The corresponding Ka values for cis-N2CP 3-Cu and NCP 1-Cu were about 1/10 and 1/2, respectively, of those of 2-Cu. With the help of density functional theory (DFT) calculations and complementary affinity measurements of a series of trisubstituted N-confused porphyrins, the efficient anion binding of NCPs was attributed to strong hydrogen bonding at the highly polarized NH moieties owing to the electron-deficient C6F5 groups at meso positions as well as the ideally oriented dipole moments and large molecular polarizability. The orientation and magnitude of the dipole moments in NCPs were suggested to be important factors in the differentiation of the affinity for anions.
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