Overexpression of constitutively active (CA)-Gα13 significantly increased the expression of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 mRNAs and proteins in rat cardiac fibroblasts. IL-1β mRNA induction by CA-Gα13 was suppressed by diphenyleneiodonium (DPI), an NADPH oxidase inhibitor, but not by BAPTA-AM, an intracellular Ca2+ chelator. In contrast, IL-6 mRNA induction by CA-Gα13 was suppressed by BAPTA-AM but not by DPI. However, both IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA induction was suppressed by nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) inhibitors. The CA-Gα13-induced NF-κB activation was suppressed by DPI and BAPTA-AM, but not C3 toxin and the Rho-kinase inhibitor Y27632. IL-6 mRNA induction by CA-Gα13 was suppressed by SK&F96365 (1-[β-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)propoxy]-4-methoxyphenethyl]-1H-imidazole hydrochloride), an inhibitor of receptor-activated nonselective cation channels, and the expression of CA-Gα13 increased basal Ca2+ influx. These results suggest that Gα13 regulates IL-1β mRNA induction through the reactive oxygen species-NF-κB pathway, while it regulates IL-6 mRNA induction through the Ca2+-NF-κB pathway.
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