Creation of higher-ordered polymeric architectures composed of alternative assemblies of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and fibrous porphyrin J-aggregates can be easily achieved utilizing the cationic semi-artificial polysaccharide which can act not only as a tubular host for SWNTs but also as a one-dimensional template for porphyrin molecules. This new class of hierarchical polymer assembly is formed, for the first time, by the mutual template effect of two components, i.e., the cationic SWNT complexes and the anionic porphyrin supramolecular nanofibers. In the present system, the self-assembling behaviors of the SWNT complexes as well as the final properties of the SWNT nanoarchitectures are strongly affected by the packing mode of porphyrin molecules on the cationic semi-artificial polysaccharide. Furthermore, we have confirmed that the light energy captured by the porphyrin J-aggregates is effectively transferred to SWNTs.
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