The development of high-carrier-mobility Ge-channel thin-film transistors (TFTs) is desired to realize advanced system-in-displays. To achieve the development of single-crystalline Ge films on insulating substrates, we have developed the directional melting growth process of amorphous Ge by using polycrystalline Si islands as growth seeds. Defect-free single-crystalline Ge stripes of 400 mm length are realized, and high-holemobilities of more than 1000 cm2 V-1 s-1 are demonstrated in the entire lateral growth region. This method opens up the possibility of fabricating high-speed Ge-channel TFTs for system-in-displays.
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