A series of organic dyes were prepared that displayed remarkable solar-to-energy conversion efficiencies in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). These dyes are composed of a 4-tert-butylphenylamine donor group (D), a cyanoacrylic-acid acceptor group (A), and a phenylene-thiophene-phenylene (PSP) spacer group, forming a D-π-A system. A dye containing a bulky tert-butylphenylene-substituted carbazole (CB) donor group showed the highest performance, with an overall conversion efficiency of 6.70 %. The performance of the device was correlated to the structural features of the donor groups; that is, the presence of a tert-butyl group can not only enhance the electron-donating ability of the donor, but can also suppress intermolecular aggregation. A typical device made with the CB-PSP dye afforded a maximum photon-to-current conversion efficiency (IPCE) of 80 % in the region 400-480 nm, a short-circuit photocurrent density J sc=14.63 mA cm -2, an open-circuit photovoltage V oc=0.685 V, and a fill factor FF=0.67. When chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) was used as a co-absorbent, the open-circuit voltage of CB-PSP was elevated significantly, yet the overall performance decreased by 16-18 %. This result indicated that the presence of 4-tert-butylphenyl substituents can effectively inhibit self-aggregation, even without CDCA.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry