High strength and superconductivity in nanostructured niobium-titanium alloy by high-pressure torsion and annealing: Significance of elemental decomposition and supersaturation

Kaveh Edalati, Takeshi Daio, Seungwon Lee, Zenji Horita, Terukazu Nishizaki, Tadahiro Akune, Tsutomu Nojima, Takahiko Sasaki

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

18 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

A powder mixture of Nb-47 wt.% Ti (a well-known composition for superconducting magnets) was subjected to severe plastic deformation using high-pressure torsion (HPT) and subsequently annealed at 573 K. Ti gradually dissolved in Nb with increasing shear strain, with a fast kinetics comparable to lattice diffusion at 700-1200 K. At large strains, a complete transition to a nanostructured β phase occurred at room temperature, which is far below the equilibrium temperature of 690 K. Nanoclusters of Ti with a body-centered cubic structure were also detected at large strains. Subsequent annealing led to elemental decomposition, formation of a nanoscale lamellar structure and segregation of Nb at grain boundaries. Superconductivity occurred at temperatures below 9 K, while the transition temperature decreased with increasing shear strain because of supersaturation of Ti in Nb and increased with annealing because of elemental decomposition. The Nb-Ti alloy after HPT exhibited hardness/strength peaks followed by softening at large strains, while hardening occurred after annealing. The maximum hardness, tensile and bending strengths were 4, 1.7 and 2.7 GPa, respectively.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)149-158
ページ数10
ジャーナルActa Materialia
80
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 1 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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