Hot-Spot Residues to be Mutated Common in G Protein-Coupled Receptors of Class A: Identification of Thermostabilizing Mutations Followed by Determination of Three-Dimensional Structures for Two Example Receptors

Satoshi Yasuda, Yuta Kajiwara, Yosuke Toyoda, Kazushi Morimoto, Ryoji Suno, So Iwata, Takuya Kobayashi, Takeshi Murata, Masahiro Kinoshita

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

19 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), which are indispensable to life and also implicated in a number of diseases, construct important drug targets. For the efficient structure-guided drug design, however, their structural stabilities must be enhanced. An amino-acid mutation is known to possibly lead to the enhancement, but currently available experimental and theoretical methods for identifying stabilizing mutations suffer such drawbacks as the incapability of exploring the whole mutational space with minor effort and the unambiguous physical origin of the enhanced or lowered stability. In general, after the identification is successfully made for a GPCR, the whole procedure must be followed all over again for the identification for another GPCR. Here we report a theoretical strategy by which many different GPCRs can be considered at the same time. The strategy is illustrated for three GPCRs of Class A in the inactive state. We argue that a mutation of the residue at a position of NBW = 3.39 (NBW is the Ballesteros-Weinstein number), a hot-spot residue, leads to substantially higher stability for significantly many GPCRs of Class A in the inactive state. The most stabilizing mutations of the residues with NBW = 3.39 are then identified for two of the three GPCRs, using the improved version of our free-energy function. These identifications are experimentally corroborated, which is followed by the determination of new three-dimensional (3D) structures for the two GPCRs. We expect that on the basis of the strategy, the 3D structures of many GPCRs of Class A can be solved for the first time in succession.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)6341-6350
ページ数10
ジャーナルJournal of Physical Chemistry B
121
26
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 7月 6 2017
外部発表はい

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜
  • 材料化学

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