The incidence of cardiogenic shock and the utilization of mechanical circulatory support devices are increasing in the US. In this review we discuss the pathophysiology of cardiogenic shock through basic hemodynamic and myocardial energetic principles. We also explore the commonly used platforms for temporary mechanical circulatory support, their advantages, disadvantages and practical considerations relating to implementation and management. It is through the translation of underlying physiological principles that we can attempt to maximize the clinical utility of circulatory support devices and improve outcomes in cardiogenic shock.
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