Hydrogen-assisted, fatigue crack-growth in pure iron within a low stress-intensity range was ascribed to the emergence of intergranular fracture, the significance of which was emphasized by increased hydrogen-gas pressure, while conversely mitigated by an elevation of test temperature. Based on conventional thermodynamic theory, a single parameter, GB hydrogen-coverage (θx), was used to derive a systematic, unified evaluation of such a complex reliance on the dual environmental variables. Furthermore, post-mortem microscopic analyses of the crack-wake deformation microstructures were employed to elucidate the contribution of dislocation activity regarding the triggering of IG fracture, which also varied significantly with the alteration of θx.
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