Hypergravity of 10g Changes Plant Growth, Anatomy, Chloroplast Size, and Photosynthesis in the Moss Physcomitrella patens

Kaori Takemura, Rina Watanabe, Ryuji Kameishi, Naoya Sakaguchi, Hiroyuki Kamachi, Atsushi Kume, Ichirou Karahara, Yuko T. Hanba, Tomomichi Fujita

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The photosynthetic and anatomical responses of bryophytes to changes in gravity will provide crucial information for estimating how these plant traits evolved to adapt to changes in gravity in land plant history. We performed long-term hypergravity experiments at 10g for 4 and 8 weeks using the moss Physcomitrella patens with two centrifuges equipped with lighting systems that enable long-term plant growth under hypergravity with irradiance. The aims of this study are (1) to quantify changes in the anatomy and morphology of P. patens, and (2) to analyze the post-effects of hypergravity on photosynthesis by P. patens in relation to these changes. We measured photosynthesis by P. patens for a population of gametophores (e.g., canopy) in Petri dishes and plant culture boxes. Gametophore numbers increased by 9% for a canopy of P. patens, with 24–27% increases in chloroplast sizes (diameter and thickness) in leaf cells. In a canopy of P. patens, the area-based photosynthesis rate (Acanopy) was increased by 57% at 10g. The increase observed in Acanopy was associated with greater plant numbers and chloroplast sizes, both of which involved enhanced CO2 diffusion from the atmosphere to chloroplasts in the canopies of P. patens. These results suggest that changes in gravity are important environmental stimuli to induce changes in plant growth and photosynthesis by P. patens, in which an alteration in chloroplast size is one of the key traits. We are now planning an ISS experiment to investigate the responses of P. patens to microgravity.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)467-473
ページ数7
ジャーナルMicrogravity Science and Technology
29
6
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 12 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • モデリングとシミュレーション
  • 工学(全般)
  • 物理学および天文学(全般)
  • 応用数学

フィンガープリント

「Hypergravity of 10g Changes Plant Growth, Anatomy, Chloroplast Size, and Photosynthesis in the Moss Physcomitrella patens」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル