Aim: PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) is a therapeutic agent for gynecological malignancy. Hypersensitivity reaction (HSR) is a major adverse effect that usually disappears after halting administration of PLD. Premedication is usually not necessary before administration of PLD to prevent HSR. Here, we evaluated the frequency of HSR during administration of PLD following premedication in Japanese women. Methods: We performed PLD administration in 78 patients (386 cycles) between 2013 and 2018. Granisetron hydrochloride and dexamethasone sodium phosphate were administered 30 min before PLD administration. Then, PLD (40 or 30 mg/m2 combined usage with carboplatin) was administered. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 78 patients and examined the frequency of HSR. Results: Seven of 78 (9%) patients showed HSR by PLD administration following premedication. One patient showed cardiopulmonary arrest in 13 min after PLD administration (grade 4). The other six patients showed grade 2 HSR. All patients developed HSR in the first course. The incidence of HSR was significantly higher in patients with allergic history than in patients without allergic history (p = 0.0151). Conclusions: Clinicians should be aware of the potential for HSR in patients administered PLD, particularly those with allergic history and those receiving the first cycle of PLD, even following premedication.
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