Identification of a nascent tectonic boundary in the San-in area, southwest Japan, using a 3D S-wave velocity structure obtained by ambient noise surface wave tomography

Yudai Suemoto, Tatsunori Ikeda, Takeshi Tsuji, Yoshihisa Iio

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事


We derived a three-dimensional S-wave velocity model for the San-in area of southwest Japan to examine heterogeneous structures such as tectonic faults. Many earthquakes occur in this area, but much of the activity has been relatively recent, so the fault distribution has yet to be fully clarified. Here, we used continuous ambient noise data from a dense seismic network, deployed from November 2009 to extract Rayleigh and Love wave dispersion data between station pairs, and then applied a direct surface wave inversion to the phase velocities of each station pair to determine a three-dimensional S-wave velocity model. In the resulting model, faults and a previously unrecognized tectonic boundary appeared as low-velocity anomalies or velocity boundaries, and the velocity anomalies were also associated with many past earthquake hypocenters. These results contribute to our understanding of heterogeneous structures caused by recent tectonic motion and of possible future tectonic activity, such as intraplate earthquakes. Surface wave tomography using ambient noise recorded in dense seismic networks could also be applied in other parts of the world to reveal new heterogeneous geological structures (i.e., unrevealed tectonic faults) and could contribute to disaster mitigation.[Figure not available: see fulltext.]

ジャーナルearth, planets and space
出版物ステータス出版済み - 12 1 2020


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science