Interleukin (IL)-24 is a member of the IL-20 family of cytokines and is produced by various types of cells, such as CD4+ T cells, NK cells, mast cells, keratinocytes, bronchial epithelial cells, and myofibroblasts. Previous studies suggest that IL-24 plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of pro-inflammatory autoimmune disorders such as psoriasis, arthritis, and inflammatory bowel diseases. However, the role of IL-24 in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases has been elusive. It has already been reported that IL-24 is involved in the pathogenesis of allergic lung and skin diseases. Moreover, we have recently revealed for the first time the pivotal functions of IL-24 in IL-13–mediated skin barrier dysfunction in atopic dermatitis (AD), which is known to be a characteristic of AD caused by Th2 cytokines such as IL-4 or IL-13. In this review, we show recent advances in the basic characteristics of IL-24 and its novel functions in the pathogenesis of allergic skin inflammation, focusing on AD. A better understanding of the role of IL-24 in allergic diseases can lead to the development of new therapeutic options.
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