A distinct feature of Wuhan is that almost a quarter of the total area of this city is covered with water, leading to its unique hot and humid climate characteristics in summer. However, according to records, water area in built-up zone of Wuhan has been reduced by 130.5 km2 from 1965 to 2008, while the annual average air temperature has been increased by more than 3°C. To investigate the quantitative connection between the water area reduction and air temperature increase, three scenarios were simulated in a summer; to evaluate the impact of water reduction on the local thermal environment in different water areas; and to study the impact of water reduction on the urban heat island (UHI) phenomenon. Meso-scale meteorological models of Weather Research and Forecasting model were applied in this study for quantitative assessment and prediction. With the predictions, this study reveals that the decreased water area could affect air temperature, wind velocity and wind flow direction, energy balance and the UHI intensity. The simulations show that areas with significant wind velocity, wind direction and air temperature differences are distributed among the downwind zones. Moreover, the areas with high UHI intensity are wider and farther from the boundary of urban areas because of the reduction of water areas.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health