This paper presents a novel technique to enhance Antenna-on- Chip gain by introducing a high resistivity layer below it. Instead of using the costly ion implantation method to increase resistivity, the N-well that is available in the standard CMOS process is used. A distributed grid structure of N-well on P-type substrate is designed such that the P and N semiconductors types are fully depleted forming a layer with high resistivity. By an electromagnetic simulation, the using depletion layers enhance the antenna gain and radiation efficiency without increasing the occupied area. The simulated and measured |S11| are in fair agreement. The measured gain is −1.5 dBi at 66 GHz.
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