Improved survival for patients with advanced neuroblastoma after high-dose combined chemotherapy based in part on N-myc amplification

S. Suita, T. Tajiri, Y. Sera, H. Takamatsu, H. Mizote, A. Nagasaki, N. Kurosaki, T. Hara, J. Okamura, S. Miyazaki, T. Sugimoto, K. Kawakami, H. Eguchi, M. Tsuneyoshi

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

8 被引用数 (Scopus)

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Background/Purpose: In spite of many different kinds of chemotherapy for neuroblastoma, the prognosis for advanced neuroblastoma remains unsatisfactory. In particular, the outcome of advanced neuroblastoma with high copies of the N-myc gene tend to be poor. Therefore, the new high-dosage combined chemotherapy regimens for advanced neuroblastoma based in part on the N-myc amplification status has been utilized in the Kyushu area of Japan since 1991. This study aims to investigate whether these new regimens based in part on N-myc amplification have improved the survival rate of stage III and stage IV patients in comparison with the old regimens. Methods: Between 1983 and 1995, 77 patients over 1 year of age and with stage III or IV neuroblastoma were registered in the Kyushu Area. Between 1983 and 1990, 49 patients received 1 of 2 combined chemotherapy regimens consisting of cyclophosphamide, cisplatin plus VM-26, and Adriamycin plus DTIC. Since 1991, two new regimens (New A1 and A3) have been administered based on the N-myc amplification status in a total of 28 patients. The New A1 regimen, which consists of cyclophosphamide, cisplatin, Adriamycin, and VP-16 has been administered in cases of less than 10 copies of N-myc, whereas the A3 regimen, consisting of a higher dose of cyclophosphamide, cisplatin, Adriamycin, and VP-16, has been administered in cases of more than 10 copies of N-myc. The survival rate was then compared between the old regimens and the new regimens. Results: The 3-year survival rate (61.5%) for patients treated by the new regimens was significantly higher than that (32.7%) for patients treated by the old regimens (P < .01). Regarding the 24 cases of more than 10 copies of N-myc, the 3-year survival rate (35.9%) of the 13 patients treated by the A3 regimen was higher than that (0%) of the 11 patients treated by the old regimens (P < .05). However, in the 19 stage IV patients treated by the new regimens, the 3-year survival rate (11.1%) of the 9 cases of more than 10 copies was significantly lower than that (77.8%) of the 10 cases of less than 10 copies of N-myc (P < .01). Conclusions: These results suggest that high-dose combined chemotherapy based in part on the N-myc amplification status significantly improved the prognosis of patients with advanced neuroblastoma. However, stage IV patients with N-myc amplification still require a more effective treatment modality. Copyright (C) 2000 by W.B. Saunders Company.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)1737-1741
ページ数5
ジャーナルJournal of Pediatric Surgery
35
12
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 小児科学、周産期医学および子どもの健康
  • 外科

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