The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) 16 and 18 infection, and p53 mutation in oral squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) in Japanese patients. Our results showed a higher incidence of HPV16 and 18 infections than previous studies because we combined the findings of a consensus polymerase chain reaction (PCR), restriction fragment length polymorphism by using the restriction enzyme digestion of the PCR products and Southern blot hybridization. Each HPV16 and 18 E6/E7 DNA was detected in 9 (20%) and 25 (54%) of 46 samples. The p53 mutation in the exons from 5 to 8 were detected in 20 out of 46 samples (43%) by a PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism analysis. There was a significant relationship between HPV16 and the p53 mutation (P=0.02) suggesting that HPV16 infection has a mutagenic effect in oral SCC. However, neither HPV infection nor p53 mutation influenced survival. (C) 2000 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery