Infectivity enhanced, hTERT promoter-based conditionally replicative adenoviruses are useful for SCLC treatment

Junji Uchino, Koichi Takayama, Akiko Harada, Yosuke Kawakami, Hiroyuki Inoue, David T. Curiel, Yoichi Nakanishi

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

27 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Treatment of advanced small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) remains one of the major challenges in current medicine because of the high morbidity and mortality of the disease. Advanced stage lung cancer is refractory to conventional therapies and it also has an extremely poor prognosis. As a result, new therapeutic approaches are needed. Telomere maintenance to the regulation of replicative lifespan strongly implies that alterations in telomere biology play an important role during malignant transformation. Cancers that exhibit high levels of telomerase activity, such as all of the SCLC, were examined in a previous study. In this study, we turned the expression of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) by tumors to a therapeutic advantage using a conditionally replication-competent adenovirus (CRAd) in which the expression of E1 (early region 1) is controlled by the hTERT promoter. This virus achieved good levels of viral replication in SCLC cells and induced a substantial anticancer effect in vitro and in vivo. As a further enhancement, the cancer cell killing effect was improved with a tropism modification of the virus to express the knob domain of Ad3 (serotype 3 adenovirus), and this improved infectivity for cancer cells. Conversely, the hTERT promoter has low activity in normal tissues, and the CRAd caused no damage to normal lung fibroblast cells. Since the telomerase activity is common in many types of cancers, these CRAds may be applicable to a wide range of tumors. We concluded that the use of hTERT promoter-based CRAds may be a potentially effective strategy for cancer treatment.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)737-748
ページ数12
ジャーナルCancer Gene Therapy
12
9
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 9 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 分子医療
  • 分子生物学
  • 癌研究

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