Influence of alloying elements on the Hall-Petch coefficient in ferritic steel

Setsuo Takaki

    研究成果: 書籍/レポート タイプへの寄稿会議への寄与

    16 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    Yield strength of ferritic steel increases with grain refinement standing on the Hall-Petch relation. In low carbon ferritic steels, the following relation is established between yield strength σy and grain size d: σy [MPa]= 100+600/√d[μm]. The Hall-Petch coefficient of interstitial free steels is substantially small as 0.15MPa·√m but it can be greatly increased by the existence of small amount of solute carbon less than 60ppm. As for the effect of substitutional elements such as Cr and P, some papers reports fairly large influence to the Hall-Petch coefficient of ferritic iron. However, the effect of small amount of carbon is sometime neglected or not cleared on the evaluation of Hall-Petch coefficient in ferritic steels. In order to evaluate the effect of substitutional elements, the research should be performed using interstitial free steels to eliminate the influence of solute carbon and nitrogen. In this paper, Hall-Petch relation was examined in iron, Fe-Cr alloys and Fe-P alloys with 0.02-0.05mass% Ti and the following results were obtained: 1) The Hall-Petch coefficient of interstitial free iron is about 0. 15MPa·√m. 2) Chromium does not give any influence to the Hall-Petch coefficient of ferritic iron, although the friction stress σ0 is enhanced in proportional to chromium content (Δσ0 [MPa]=7×(mass%Cr)). 3) Phosphorus does not affect the Hall-Petch coefficient of ferritic iron or reduce it somewhat but increases markedly the friction stress σ0 (Δσ0 [MPa]=250×(mass%P)1/2). 4) Even under the co-existence of carbon with chromium and phosphorus, carbon dominantly works to increase the Hall-Petch coefficient of ferritic steels, but it is changeable due to the interaction between carbon and the other substitutional elements.

    本文言語英語
    ホスト出版物のタイトルTHERMEC 2011
    出版社Trans Tech Publications Ltd
    ページ181-185
    ページ数5
    ISBN(印刷版)9783037853030
    DOI
    出版ステータス出版済み - 2012
    イベント7th International Conference on Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Materials, THERMEC'2011 - Quebec City, QC, カナダ
    継続期間: 8月 1 20118月 5 2011

    出版物シリーズ

    名前Materials Science Forum
    706-709
    ISSN(印刷版)0255-5476
    ISSN(電子版)1662-9752

    その他

    その他7th International Conference on Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Materials, THERMEC'2011
    国/地域カナダ
    CityQuebec City, QC
    Period8/1/118/5/11

    !!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • 材料科学(全般)
    • 凝縮系物理学
    • 材料力学
    • 機械工学

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