An iron(III) complex having a dibenzotetraethyltetraamido macrocyclic ligand (DTTM4-), (NEt4)2[FeIII(DTTM)Cl] (1), was synthesized and characterized by crystallographic, spectroscopic, and electrochemical methods. Complex 1 has a square-pyramidal structure in the S = 3/2 spin state. The complex exhibited two reversible redox waves at +0.36 and +0.68 V (vs SCE) in the cyclic voltammogram measured in CH2Cl2 at room temperature. The stepwise oxidation of 1 using chemical oxidants allowed us to observe clear and distinct spectral changes with distinct isosbestic points for each step, in which oxidation occurred at the phenylenediamido moiety rather than the iron center. One-electron oxidation of 1 by 1 equiv of [RuIII(bpy)3](ClO4)3 (bpy = 2,2′-bipyridine) in CH2Cl2 afforded square-pyramidal (NEt4)[Fe(DTTM)Cl] (2), which was in the S = 1 spin state involving a ligand radical and showed a slightly distorted square-pyramidal structure. Complex 2 showed an intervalence charge-transfer band at 900 nm, which was assigned on the basis of time-dependent density functional theory calculations, to indicate that the complex is in a class IIA mixed-valence ligand-radical regime with Hab = 884 cm-1. Two-electron oxidation of 1 by 2 equiv of [(4-Br-Ph)3N·+](SbCl6) in CH2Cl2 afforded two-electron-oxidized species of 1, [Fe(DTTM)Cl] (3), which was in the S = 1/2 spin state; complex 3 exhibited a distorted square-pyramidal structure. X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectra of 1-3 were measured in both CH3CN solutions and BN pellets to observe comparable rising-edge energies for the three complexes, and Mössbauer spectra of 1-3 showed almost identical isomer shifts and quadruple splitting parameters, indicating that the iron centers of the three complexes are intact to be in the intermediate-spin iron(III) state. Thus, in complexes 2 and 3, it is evident that antiferromagnetic coupling is operating between the unpaired electron(s) of the ligand radical(s) and those of the iron(III) center.
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