To decrease health-risks to humans, non-toxic compounds were evaluated for use as internal standards for calibrating data obtained by gas chromatography/multiphoton ionization mass spectrometry (GC-MPI-MS) using an ultraviolet femtosecond laser as the ionization source. The retention time in the mass chromatogram was calibrated using a retention index, in which a series of n-alkanes was employed as internal standards for evaluating the retention times for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). To compensate for changes in signal intensity in MPI-MS, the dependence of signal intensity on the laser pulse energy was investigated for the dioxin-like compounds, in addition to five non-toxic aromatic hydrocarbons, that were used as internal standards. Based on their similar behavior,the non-toxic PCDD/PCDF, its 13C-isotope, and pentachlorobenzene behave similarly, we conclude that they can be used for calibrating the signal intensities in MPI-MS.
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