This chapter presents the background and purpose of the computational anatomy research field from medical (needs) and technical (seeds) perspectives.We begin with a historical overviewof the emergence of the discipline of computational anatomy (Sect. 1.1). Then, overviews of existing fields and the potential impact of computational anatomy on them are described (Sect. 1.2). To clarify the value of computational anatomy from the clinical viewpoint, medical education, diagnostic imaging, surgery, and radiation therapy are discussed, including situations that motivated the emergence of computational anatomy (Sect. 1.2.1). Similarly, from the technical (computer science) viewpoint, important technological developments providing the theoretical and algorithmic basis of computational anatomy are explored (Sect. 1.2.2). This book mainly addresses the development of whole-body computational anatomy, which is supported by the rapid progress of whole-body 3D imaging technologies. Thus, the impact of whole-body imaging (Sect. 1.3.1) and its utilization (Sect. 1.3.2) are discussed. Finally, the structure of this book is outlined (Sect. 1.4).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Computer Science(all)