Investigating the trade-off between self-quarantine and forced quarantine provisions to control an epidemic: An evolutionary approach

Md Mamun Ur Rashid Khan, Md Rajib Arefin, Jun Tanimoto

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

抄録

During a pandemic event like the present COVID-19, self-quarantine, mask-wearing, hygiene maintenance, isolation, forced quarantine, and social distancing are the most effective nonpharmaceutical measures to control the epidemic when the vaccination and proper treatments are absent. In this study, we proposed an epidemiological model based on the SEIR dynamics along with the two interventions defined as self-quarantine and forced quarantine by human behavior dynamics. We consider a disease spreading through a population where some people can choose the self-quarantine option of paying some costs and be safer than the remaining ones. The remaining ones act normally and send to forced quarantine by the government if they get infected and symptomatic. The government pays the forced quarantine costs for individuals, and the government has a budget limit to treat the infected ones. Each intervention derived from the so-called behavior model has a dynamical equation that accounts for a proper balance between the costs for each case, the total budget, and the risk of infection. We show that the infection peak cannot be reduced if the authority does not enforce a proactive (quantified by a higher sensitivity parameter) intervention. While comparing the impact of both self- and forced quarantine provisions, our results demonstrate that the latter is more influential to reduce the disease prevalence and the social efficiency deficit (a gap between social optimum payoff and equilibrium payoff).

本文言語英語
論文番号127365
ジャーナルApplied Mathematics and Computation
432
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 11月 1 2022

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 計算数学
  • 応用数学

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