The purpose of this study is to confirm the effect of soil improvement methods on preventing ground subsidence at the back of abutments. Earthquake seismic analysis is performed for three models. One is a model with no ground improvement. Next is a model with deep mixing method. The third is the model with lightweight banking method. As a result, from the perspective of the passage possibility of the emergency vehicles, both the deep mixing method and lightweight banking method are effective in preventing ground subsidence at the approaching area of abutments. However, in the case of the deep mixing method, it is found that the maximum bending moment of the pile under the liquefaction layer increases because a lump of improved rigid soil that falls down toward the piles.