Ion transport properties of six lithium salts dissolved in γ-butyrolactone studied by self-diffusion and ionic conductivity measurements

Yuichi Aihara, Toshinori Bando, Hiroe Nakagawa, Hiroyuki Yoshida, Kikuko Hayamizu, Etsuo Akiba, William S. Price

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

77 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The self-diffusion coefficients of the lithium ion, anion, and solvent in electrolytes prepared by dissolving six lithium salts (LiBF4, LiPF6, LiSO3CF3, LiN(SO2CF3)2, LiN(SO2C2F5)2, and lithium bis(oxalateborate)) in γ-butyrolactone (GBL) were measured using pulsed gradient spin-echo nuclear magnetic resonance. The ionic conductivity calculated from the ion self-diffusion coefficients was compared with the electrochemically measured ionic conductivity. In each sample, GBL diffused the fastest, followed by the anion and then the lithium ion. The diffusion of the solvent and cation were insensitive to the anions. On average each lithium ion was solvated by about two GBL molecules. The hydrodynamic size of the anions normalized by their respective van der Waals radius was determined and almost independent of the salt concentration for PF6-, N(SO2CF3)2-, N(SO2C2F5)2-, and B(C4O8)-, but increased with salt concentration for BF4- and CF3SO3- due to ion association.

本文言語英語
ジャーナルJournal of the Electrochemical Society
151
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2 16 2004
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 再生可能エネルギー、持続可能性、環境
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜
  • 電気化学
  • 材料化学

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