Ionospheric ion temperature climate and upper atmospheric long-term cooling

Shun Rong Zhang, John M. Holt, Philip J. Erickson, Larisa Petrovna Goncharenko, Michael J. Nicolls, Mary McCready, John Kelly

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

13 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

It is now recognized that Earth's upper atmosphere is experiencing a long-term cooling over the past several solar cycles. The potential impact of the cooling on societal activities is significant, but a fundamental scientific question exists regarding the drivers of the cooling. New observations and analyses provide crucial advances in our knowledge of these important processes. We investigate ionospheric ion temperature climatology and long-term trends using up-to-date large and consistent ground-based data sets as measured by multiple incoherent scatter radars (ISRs). The very comprehensive view provided by these unique observations of the upper atmospheric thermal status allows us to address drivers of strong cooling previously observed by ISRs. We use observations from two high-latitude sites at Sondrestrom (invariant latitude 73.2°N) from 1990 to 2015 and Chatanika/Poker Flat (invariant latitude 65.9°N) over the span of 1976–2015 (with a gap from 1983 to 2006). Results are compared to conditions at the midlatitude Millstone Hill site (invariant latitude 52.8°N) from 1968 to 2015. The aggregate radar observations have very comparable and consistent altitude dependence of long-term trends. In particular, the lower F region (<275 km) exhibits dayside cooling trends that are significantly higher (−3 to −1 K/yr at 250 km) than anticipated from model predictions given the anthropogenic increase of greenhouse gases. Above 275 km, cooling trends continue to increase in magnitude but values are strongly dependent on magnetic latitude, suggesting the presence of significant downward influences from nonneutral atmospheric processes.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)8951-8968
ページ数18
ジャーナルJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
121
発行部数9
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 9 1 2016

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ionospheric temperature
ion temperature
climate
cooling
Ions
ions
Cooling
ion
trends
temperature
Temperature
F region
Climatology
Upper atmosphere
radar tracking
climatology
radar
temperate regions
greenhouses
upper atmosphere

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

これを引用

Zhang, S. R., Holt, J. M., Erickson, P. J., Goncharenko, L. P., Nicolls, M. J., McCready, M., & Kelly, J. (2016). Ionospheric ion temperature climate and upper atmospheric long-term cooling. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 121(9), 8951-8968. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022971

Ionospheric ion temperature climate and upper atmospheric long-term cooling. / Zhang, Shun Rong; Holt, John M.; Erickson, Philip J.; Goncharenko, Larisa Petrovna; Nicolls, Michael J.; McCready, Mary; Kelly, John.

:: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 巻 121, 番号 9, 01.09.2016, p. 8951-8968.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Zhang, SR, Holt, JM, Erickson, PJ, Goncharenko, LP, Nicolls, MJ, McCready, M & Kelly, J 2016, 'Ionospheric ion temperature climate and upper atmospheric long-term cooling', Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 巻. 121, 番号 9, pp. 8951-8968. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022971
Zhang SR, Holt JM, Erickson PJ, Goncharenko LP, Nicolls MJ, McCready M その他. Ionospheric ion temperature climate and upper atmospheric long-term cooling. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2016 9 1;121(9):8951-8968. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022971
Zhang, Shun Rong ; Holt, John M. ; Erickson, Philip J. ; Goncharenko, Larisa Petrovna ; Nicolls, Michael J. ; McCready, Mary ; Kelly, John. / Ionospheric ion temperature climate and upper atmospheric long-term cooling. :: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2016 ; 巻 121, 番号 9. pp. 8951-8968.
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