Is bone mineral density lower in the necrotic lesion in pre-collapse osteonecrosis of the femoral head?

Shoji Baba, Goro Motomura, Satoshi Ikemura, Ryosuke Yamaguchi, Takeshi Utsunomiya, Hiroyuki Hatanaka, Koichiro Kawano, Mingjian Xu, Yasuharu Nakashima

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The purpose of this study was to clarify whether bone mineral density (BMD) of the necrotic lesion in precollapse osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is reduced according to Hounsfield unit (HU) values on computed tomography (CT). The superior one-third of the femoral head in the coronal section was set as the region of interest (ROI) for the measurement of HU values. First, HU values of 101 control participants were assessed to identify relevant confounding factors. Next, the relationship between HU values and BMD on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was verified. Then the mean HU value of the ROI in patients with pre-collapse ONFH was compared with that in propensity score-matched control participants. Finally, the HU values of the lateral boundary in the patients with and without subsequent collapse were compared. Multivariable analysis showed that both age and BMI were significantly correlated with the HU value, which showed a strong correlation with the BMD of the femoral neck on DXA (r = 0.92). In 25 ONFH patients and 25 propensity-matched control participants, no significant difference was found in the HU value of the ROI (p =.54). The mean HU value of the lateral boundary in patients with subsequent collapse was found to be significantly higher than that in patients without subsequent collapse (p <.01). The assessment of HU values on CT was useful for the evaluation of BMD of the femoral head. The current assessment did not demonstrate reduced bone mineral density of the necrotic lesion in pre-collapse ONFH.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)2434-2442
ページ数9
ジャーナルJournal of Orthopaedic Research
38
11
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 11 1 2020
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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