Hydrogen as an impurity in single crystals of tin dioxide was investigated through diffusivity and vibrational-mode analyses performed using isotope tracers and density functional theory calculations. It was found that hydrogen diffusion along the 001 axis is very fast, even at relatively low temperatures (400 °C), but is considerably slower within the (001) plane. Using transitional state calculations, this diffusion behavior was determined to be the result of anisotropy in the migration barrier for interstitial hydrogen (Hi). In addition, the two distinct vibrational modes observed in the optical spectrum were identified as the O-H stretching modes of Hi and the substitutional hydrogen at the tin sites.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)