Japan’s mega solar boom: quantifying social equity expectations and realities at the local scale

Andrew Chapman, Timothy Fraser

    研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

    8 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    This research aims to quantitatively identify the variation in equity and burden distribution associated with mega-solar siting at the local level in Japan, and to identify mega-solar siting outcomes in each region and prefecture, in terms of social equity and burden distribution outcomes relative to stated preferences. Methodologies employed include survey and interviews to identify critical energy policy factors associated with mega-solar siting, and their perceived importance according to local officials associated with deployment. Building on the critical factor and important findings from 29 of Japan’s largest 200 mega-solar sites, a quantitative analysis of social equity outcomes in terms of health, environmental improvement, electricity prices, employment and community development is undertaken. Additionally, an analysis of the burden distribution resultant from mega-solar deployment in each region is undertaken. In all cases explored, mega-solar deployment leads to an improvement in social equity levels, with desirable burden distribution which closes the gap between rich and poor. Regional and local factors impact upon the comparative equity and burden distribution outcomes between sites, notably pre-existing particulate matter concentrations and employment changes between fossil fuel and renewable industries, and the reduction of electricity tariffs. These findings identify challenges and opportunities for policy makers and the proactive, equitable deployment of mega solar based on national, regional and local attributes.

    本文言語英語
    ページ(範囲)355-374
    ページ数20
    ジャーナルSustainability Science
    14
    2
    DOI
    出版ステータス出版済み - 3月 1 2019

    !!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • 地球変動および惑星変動
    • 健康(社会科学)
    • 地理、計画および開発
    • 生態学
    • 社会学および政治科学
    • 自然保全および景観保全
    • マネジメント、モニタリング、政策と法律

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