L-Citrulline acts as potential hypothermic agent to afford thermotolerance in chicks

Vishwajit S. Chowdhury, Guofeng Han, Mohammad A. Bahry, Phuong V. Tran, Phong H. Do, Hui Yang, Mitsuhiro Furuse

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

31 被引用数 (Scopus)


Recently we demonstrated that L-citrulline (L-Cit) causes hypothermia in chicks. However, the question of how L-Cit mediates hypothermia remained elusive. Thus, the objective of this study was to examine some possible factors in the process of L-Cit-mediated hypothermia and to confirm whether L-Cit can also afford thermotolerance in young chicks. Chicks were subjected to oral administration of L-Cit along with intraperitoneal injection of a nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester HCl (L-NAME), to examine the involvement of NO in the process of hypothermia. Food intake and plasma metabolites were also analyzed after oral administration of L-Cit in chicks. To examine thermotolerance, chicks were orally administered with a single dose of L-Cit (15 mmol/10 ml/kg body weight) or the same dose twice within a short interval of 1 h (dual oral administration) before the exposure to high ambient temperature (35 ± 1 °C) for 180 min. Although the rectal temperature was reduced following administration of L-Cit, L-NAME caused a greater reduction. L-NAME reduced total NO2 and NO3 (NOx) in plasma, which confirmed its inhibitory effect on NO. A single oral administration of L-Cit mediated a persistent state of hypothermia for the 300 min of the study without affecting food intake. It was further found that plasma glucose was significantly lower in L-Cit-treated chicks. Dual oral administration of L-Cit, but not a single oral administration, afforded thermotolerance without a significant change in plasma NOx in chicks. In conclusion, our results suggest that L-Cit-mediated hypothermia and thermotolerance may not be involved in NO production. L-Cit-mediated thermotolerance further suggests that L-Cit may serve as an important nutritional supplement that could help in coping with summer heat.

ジャーナルJournal of Thermal Biology
出版ステータス出版済み - 10月 2017

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生化学
  • 生理学
  • 農業および生物科学(全般)
  • 発生生物学


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