Laser induced threshold photoemission magnetic circular dichroism and its application to photoelectron microscope

Takeshi Nakagawa, Toshihiko Yokoyama

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

7 被引用数 (Scopus)


This work enlightens the threshold photoemission magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) and its adaption on photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) using lasers. MCD is a simple and efficient way to investigate magnetic properties since it does not need any spin analyzers with low efficiency, and thus the MCD related techniques have developed to observe magnetic domains. Usually, MCD in a total yield measurement in the valence band with weak spin-orbit coupling (SOC) excited by low photon energy (hν 6 eV) does not compete with the X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) with strong SOC. XMCD PEEM observation of magnetic domains has been successfully established while MCD PEEM derived from valence bands has not been. However, using angle and energy resolved photoelectron, valence band MCD provides large asymmetry similar to that by XMCD. Threshold measurement of photoelectron in a total electron yield procedure can take advantage of the measurement of photoelectrons with a limited angle and energy mode. This restriction of the photoelectron makes the threshold MCD technique an efficient way to get magnetic information and gives more than 10% asymmetry for Ni/Cu(0 0 1), which is comparable to that obtained by angle resolved photoemission. Thus the threshold MCD technique is a suitable method to observe magnetic domains by PEEM. For threshold MCD, incident angle dependence and high sensitivity to out-of-plane magnetized films compared with in-plane ones are discussed. Ultrashort pulse lasers make it feasible to measure two photon photoemission MCD combined with PEEM, where resonant excitation has a possibility to enhance dichroic asymmetry. Recent results for valence band magnetic dichroism PEEM are presented.

ジャーナルJournal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena
出版ステータス出版済み - 10月 2012

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 放射線
  • 原子分子物理学および光学
  • 凝縮系物理学
  • 分光学
  • 物理化学および理論化学


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