Learning and transfer of relevant strategy in children

Syunichi Maruno

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

抄録

Eighty kindergarten children were trained in an oddity problem where perceptual or conceptual attribute was to be a relevant cue, 30 trials being given each child. After the initial learning, subjects were randomly assigned to either intradimensional (ID) or extradimensional (ED) oddity shift. The performance in perceptual oddity learning was inferior to that in conceptual oddity learning. The ID shift score was higher than the ED one, but both scores were influenced by the nature of relevant stimulus attributes. As the proportion of oddity strategy in comparatively higher consistency skill increased with trials, other strategies proportionately decreased. Most of subjects demonstrated stimulus perseveration in the trial block just before using oddity strategy. From these results, it was suggested that subjects might select and test various problem-solving hypotheses before they were convinced of a relevant strategy.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)198-206
ページ数9
ジャーナルThe Japanese journal of psychology
49
4
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 1978
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 心理学(全般)

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