In this paper, we propose a novel approach to combine compact directed acyclic word graphs (CDAWGs) and grammar-based compression. This leads us to an efficient self-index, called Linear-size CDAWGs (L-CDAWGs), which can be represented with O(ẽT log n) bits of space allowing for O(log n) -time random and O(1)-time sequential accesses to edge labels, and O(m log σ + occ) -time pattern matching. Here, ẽT is the number of all extensions of maximal repeats in T, n and m are respectively the lengths of the text T and a given pattern, σ is the alphabet size, and occ is the number of occurrences of the pattern in T. The repetitiveness measure ẽT is known to be much smaller than the text length n for highly repetitive text. For constant alphabets, our L-CDAWGs achieve O(m + occ ) pattern matching time with O(eTr log n) bits of space, which improves the pattern matching time of Belazzougui et al.’s run-length BWT-CDAWGs by a factor of log log n, with the same space complexity. Here, eTr is the number of right extensions of maximal repeats in T. As a byproduct, our result gives a way of constructing a straight-line program (SLP) of size O(ẽT) for a given text T in O(n + ẽT log σ) time.