A graft volume/standard liver volume ratio (GV/SLV) > 35% or graft/recipient weight ratio (GRWR) > 0.8% has been considered as a standard criteria of graft selection. Even if the graft size meets these selection criteria, small-for-size syndrome can still occur depending on the portal venous flow (PVF). The aim of this study was to identify other factors contributing to portal hyperperfusion and the post-transplant course, focusing on the graft volume-to-spleen volume ratio (GV/SV). Thirty-seven BA patients who underwent living donor liver transplantation were reviewed retrospectively. First, we evaluated the preoperative factors contributing to portal hyperperfusion. Second, we evaluated the factors contributing to post-transplant complications, such as thrombocytopenia, hyperbilirubinemia, and coagulopathy. The GV/SLV was >35% in all cases; however, portal hyperperfusion (≥250 ml/min/100 g graft) was found in 12 recipients (35.3%). Furthermore, although the GRWR was >0.8% in over 90% of cases, portal hyperperfusion was found in 10 recipients (32.3%). In contrast, the GV/SV showed a significant correlation with the PVF after reperfusion. If the GV/SV was <0.88, about 80% of recipients developed portal hyperperfusion. Furthermore, the GV/SV also showed a significant correlation with post-transplant persistent thrombocytopenia and hyperbilirubinemia. The GV/SV < 0.88 predicts portal hyperperfusion, post-transplant persistent thrombocytopenia, and hyperbilirubinemia.
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