Although a simple concept of load-independent behavior of the intact heart evolved from early studies of isolated, intact blood-perfused hearts, more recent studies showed that, as in isolated muscle, the mode of contraction (isovolumic vs. ejection) impacts on end-systolic elastance. The purpose of the present study was to test whether a four-state model of myofilament interactions with length-dependent rate constants could explain the complex contractile behavior of the intact, ejecting heart. Studies were performed in isolated, blood-perfused canine hearts with intracellular calcium transients measured by macroinjected aequorin. Measured calcium transients were used as the driving function for the model, and length-dependent rate constants yielding the highest concordance between measured and model-predicted midwall stress at different isovolumic volumes were determined. These length-dependent rate constants successfully predicted contractile behavior on ejecting contractions. This, along with additional model analysis, suggests that length-dependent changes in calcium binding affinity may not be an important factor contributing to load-dependent contractile performance in the intact heart under physiological conditions.
|ジャーナル||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 2002|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes