Background: Malignant tumors occurring around both the spinal column and posterior chest wall are uncommon. Surgical resection of chest wall tumors adjacent to the spinal column is still challenging due to the surrounding anatomical structures. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of surgical management in malignant tumors involving the spinal column and posterior chest wall. Methods: Between 1999 and 2007, 10 consecutive patients underwent en bloc resection combined with the posterior chest wall in the treatment of malignant tumors around the spinal column. There were 6 males and 4 females with a mean age at the surgery of 40.9 years old (range, 14–62 years old). The mean postoperative follow-up period was 159.7 months (range, 84–245 months). The clinical history, physical examination, laboratory data, radiological findings, and operative findings for each patient were retrospectively reviewed. Results: All surgeries were performed via a combined anterior and posterior approach. The mean numbers of partially resected vertebrae and ribs were 3.1 and 4.1, respectively. Lower or upper lobectomy was performed in four patients, and the diaphragm was partially resected in two patients. The surgical margin was wide in seven patients and marginal in two patients. Although five patients had postoperative respiratory problem, all patients improved immediately without life-threatening complications. There were no patients with respiratory insufficiency after surgery. One patient with osteosarcoma died of lung metastases 99 months after surgery. At the final follow-up, only one patient had local recurrence, five had been continuously disease-free, and three were alive with no evidence of disease. Conclusions: En bloc resection and reconstruction in selected patients with malignant tumors involving both the spinal column and posterior chest wall demonstrated good long-term results for local control and the respiratory function.
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