This study aimed to analyze the survival rate and to examine the risk of death from prostate cancer when accounting for competing risk of death, in men aged ≥80 y treated with primary androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Data of patients with prostate cancer who had received ADT were extracted from a nationwide community-based database established by the Japan Study Group for Prostate Cancer. Prognostic variables, including progression-free survival, cancer-specific survival, overall survival, and death rates were compared between men stratified by prostate cancer risk. Overall, 4760 patients older than 80 y were included. The proportion of low-, intermediate-, high-, or very high-risk, regional, and metastatic prostate cancer among super-elderly men was 9.5%, 14.6%, 48.8%, 9.0%, 3.2%, and 24.9%, respectively. Survival rates decreased with increasing risk stratification. The cumulative 5-y death rate by prostate cancer for low-, intermediate-, high-, or very high-risk, regional, and metastatic prostate cancer, was 0.92% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.2%-3.6%), 1.6% (95% CI: 0.8%-3.4%), 5.75% (95% CI: 4.25%-7.75%), 15.6% (95% CI: 11.6%-23.3%), 20.7% (95% CI: 13.1%-31.7%), and 36.9% (95% CI: 32.8%-41.4%), respectively. Our findings support that there is no need for immediate ADT for low- and intermediate-risk groups. Conversely, in high- or very high-risk, regional, and metastatic prostate cancer, more efforts for curative therapy and intensive therapy are needed in selected patients.
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