Germanium (Ge) surfaces were irradiated by argon (Ar) ions at 600 eV with a simultaneous Ge, Al, or Au supply at room temperature. The surfaces thus ion-irradiated were characterized by densely distributed nanowalls, nanobelts (narrower than the nanowalls in width), and cones tipped with nanoribbons (narrower than the nanobelts in width), depending on the supplied particle species and the supply rate. The higher the melting points of the supplied materials, the narrower the width of the top of the nanostructures. Thus the melting point and the supply rate of the supplied material are the key parameters for controlling the shape and size in the fabrication of ion-induced Ge nanostructures. It was also demonstrated that for nanowalls and nanobelts, a higher particle supply rate yielded wider nanostructures. For many nanoribbon-tipped cones, the width of the nanoribbon increased with distance from the cone top, and hence resulted in a bottleneck structure.
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