Magnetization intensity mapping on Unzen Volcano, Japan, determined from high-resolution, low-altitude helicopter-borne aeromagnetic survey

Ayako Okubo, Yoshikazu Tanaka, Mitsuru Utsugi, Naoto Kitada, Hiroshi Shimizu, Takeshi Matsushima

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

5 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

On September 18, 2002, we conducted a high-resolution, low-altitude helicopter-bome aeromagnetic survey at two flight altitudes, using spiral trajectories for the first time, over Unzen Volcano in the framework of the Unzen Scientific Drilling Project (USDP). This study obtained more detailed and new information than the previous aeromagnetic studies in Unzen volcano about the geological features, for understanding the history and eruption mechanism of the Unzen volcano. Therefore, we conducted a magnetization intensity mapping on the volcano, on the assumption that the magnetic anomalies are caused by the terrain magnetized in the same direction as the present Earth's magnetic field and the magnetization intensity varies only laterally. This map shows good agreement with the geologic features, especially the hydrothermal alteration zone and the collapsed pyroclastic deposits. In addition, even in the area covered by lavas, the magnetization intensities show various values corresponding to each eruption event. It may be considered that the differences in magnetic properties reflect different oxygen fugacity in rocks during their cooling time period. Local magnetization lows on Heisei-Shinzan suggest that the Heisei lava produced by the 1991-1995 eruption has not yet been cooled enough.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)743-753
ページ数11
ジャーナルearth, planets and space
57
8
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 地質学
  • 宇宙惑星科学

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