Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Convection Under the Due Northward IMF

T. Tanaka, T. Obara, Masakazu Watanabe, S. Fujita, Y. Ebihara, R. Kataoka, M. Den

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

抄録

Convection under the due northward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) is reproduced by the global simulation. The resulting magnetosphere is closed except in the XZ plane and separated from the solar wind by the separatrix generated from cusp nulls. Inside the separatrix, there exist three plasma regimes of the cusp high-pressure region, the low-latitude boundary layer (LLBL) and the plasma sheet. In the ionosphere, the northward Bz (NBZ) current and the reverse cell occur in higher latitudes than 80°, and the fun-shaped arc-like field-aligned current and the main oval occur in lower latitudes than 80°. Magnetic field lines in the antisunward flow region of the reverse cell are connected to the LLBL that is accelerated to supersonic flow by the cusp pressure. Circulation on the reverse cell in the ionosphere is as a whole constructed to the interchange cycle in the magnetosphere. Convection is looked upon as the process to discharge stress generated by the dayside cusp reconnection. Magnetic stress generated by the reconnection is first converted to thermal energy in the cusp. This thermal energy is drained through three possible routes: release of plasma downtail through the LLBL, dissipation as electromagnetic energy through formation of the dynamo, and evacuation down to the ionosphere through the plasma sheet.

元の言語英語
ジャーナルJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
DOI
出版物ステータス受理済み/印刷中 - 1 1 2019

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Magnetosphere
Ionosphere
interplanetary magnetic fields
magnetic fields
cusps
magnetospheres
ionospheres
magnetosphere
ionosphere
convection
tropical regions
Magnetic fields
magnetic field
Plasmas
Boundary layers
plasma
boundary layers
Thermal energy
boundary layer
thermal energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

これを引用

Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Convection Under the Due Northward IMF. / Tanaka, T.; Obara, T.; Watanabe, Masakazu; Fujita, S.; Ebihara, Y.; Kataoka, R.; Den, M.

:: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 01.01.2019.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Tanaka, T. ; Obara, T. ; Watanabe, Masakazu ; Fujita, S. ; Ebihara, Y. ; Kataoka, R. ; Den, M. / Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Convection Under the Due Northward IMF. :: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2019.
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