Management of apnea in infants with trisomy 18

Ryoji Taira, Hirosuke Inoue, Toru Sawano, Junko Fujiyoshi, Yuko Ichimiya, Michiko Torio, Masafumi Sanefuji, Masayuki Ochiai, Yasunari Sakai, Shouichi Ohga

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This case series aimed to characterize the clinical features, management, and outcomes of apnea in infants with trisomy 18. Participants in this study were infants with trisomy 18 who were born alive and admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit in Kyushu University Hospital from 2000 to 2018. Retrospective analysis was performed on clinical data recorded in our department. Twenty-seven infants with trisomy 18 were admitted to our hospital during the study period, of which 25 (nine males, 16 females) were enrolled as eligible participants in this study. Among them, 14 started presenting with apnea from median 3.5 days of age (range 0–47d). In these infants with apnea, eight received respiratory support of positive pressure ventilation (PPV). The 1-year survival rate of infants in the PPV group was higher than that of non-PPV-supported infants (5 out of 8 vs 0 out of 6 infants). Five PPV-supported infants received a diagnosis of epilepsy, which was controlled by antiepileptic drugs. Postnatal respiratory intervention provides better prognosis in infants with trisomy 18. Improved survival leads to accurate diagnosis and treatment of apneic events in association with epilepsy. What this paper adds: Respiratory support is effective against apnea in infants with trisomy 18. Intervention with ventilation provides a higher chance of prolonged survival. Improved survival leads to the accurate diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy-associated apnea.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)874-878
ページ数5
ジャーナルDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurology
62
7
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 7月 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 小児科学、周産期医学および子どもの健康
  • 発達神経科学
  • 臨床神経学

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