Manufacturing spinnable mesophase pitch using direct coal extracted fraction and its derived mesophase pitch based carbon fiber

Hiroki Shimanoe, Takashi Mashio, Koji Nakabayashi, Toshinori Inoue, Maki Hamaguchi, Jin Miyawaki, Isao Mochida, Seong Ho Yoon

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

8 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Spinnable mesophase pitch with high pitch yield of more than 50 wt% was successfully prepared using direct bitumen coal extracted fraction through the three-step process of hydrogenation, N2 blowing heat treatment, and thin-layer evaporation. The prepared mesophase pitch was smoothly spun to the fibrous form and could be converted into mesophase pitch-based carbonized and graphitized fibers through the usual oxidative stabilization, carbonization, and graphitization. The prepared mesophase pitch based carbon fibers showed typical random transversal structures with mechanical performances, tensile strengths of 1.83 GPa and 3.00 GPa, Young's moduli of 133 GPa and 450 GPa, and elongation properties of 1.37% and 0.68% after heat treatments at 1000 °C for 30 min and 2800 °C for 10 min, respectively. The relatively high-molecular-weight and well-developed polynuclear aromatic molecular structure of hypercoal is the likely reason for the high mesophase pitch yield. The meaning of each preparation processes, hydrogenation, N2 blowing heat treatment and thin layered evaporation, was discussed in detail. We anticipate that the success of high-yield mesophase pitch manufacturing using hypercoal as raw material will be an important key to innovatively reduce the production cost of mesophase pitch-based carbon fiber.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)922-929
ページ数8
ジャーナルCarbon
158
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 3 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 材料科学(全般)

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