A 35-year-old primigravid woman with chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction presented to our institution. Except for an enlarged fetal bladder, her pregnancy was almost uneventful until she developed pre-eclampsia requiring emergent cesarean section at 34 weeks gestation. After delivery, intractable uterine atony developed with blood loss reaching 3500 mL within 15 min. Following a B-Lynch suture, the bleeding attenuated but uterine atony persisted; lochia persisted for 3 months post-partum. The infant was diagnosed with megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome after birth. The mother's clinical course and previous reports suggested that atonic bleeding was associated with the pathology of chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction; the infant's disease was considered to be maternal-related disease. Clinicians should be vigilant in pregnant patients with chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction especially with these complications.
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