In order to develop safer and more energy-efficient, hydrogen pre-cooling systems for use in hydrogen refueling stations, it is necessary to identify a high-strength metallic material with greater thermal conductivity and lower susceptibility to hydrogen embrittlement, as compared with ordinary, stable austenitic stainless steels. To accomplish this task, the hydrogen compatibility of a precipitation-hardened, high-strength, copper-based alloy was investigated by slow-strain-rate tensile (SSRT), fatigue-life, fatigue-crack-growth (FCG) and fracture toughness tests in 115-MPa hydrogen gas at room temperature. The hydrogen solubility and diffusivity of the alloy were also determined. The hydrogen solubility of the alloy was two or three orders of magnitude lower than that of austenitic stainless steels. The alloy also demonstrated absolutely no hydrogen-induced degradation of its strength properties, a factor which could contribute to the reduction of costs related to the construction and maintenance of hydrogen refueling stations, owing to the downsizing and improved cooling performance of the pre-cooling systems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology