MAVS is energized by Mff which senses mitochondrial metabolism via AMPK for acute antiviral immunity

Yuki Hanada, Naotada Ishihara, Lixiang Wang, Hidenori Otera, Takaya Ishihara, Takumi Koshiba, Katsuyoshi Mihara, Yoshihiro Ogawa, Masatoshi Nomura

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

抄録

Mitochondria are multifunctional organelles that produce energy and are critical for various signaling pathways. Mitochondrial antiviral signaling (MAVS) is a mitochondrial outer membrane protein essential for the anti-RNA viral immune response, which is regulated by mitochondrial dynamics and energetics; however, the molecular link between mitochondrial metabolism and immunity is unclear. Here we show in cultured mammalian cells that MAVS is activated by mitochondrial fission factor (Mff), which senses mitochondrial energy status. Mff mediates the formation of active MAVS clusters on mitochondria, independent of mitochondrial fission and dynamin-related protein 1. Under mitochondrial dysfunction, Mff is phosphorylated by the cellular energy sensor AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), leading to the disorganization of MAVS clusters and repression of the acute antiviral response. Mff also contributes to immune tolerance during chronic infection by disrupting the mitochondrial MAVS clusters. Taken together, Mff has a critical function in MAVS-mediated innate immunity, by sensing mitochondrial energy metabolism via AMPK signaling.

本文言語英語
論文番号5711
ジャーナルNature communications
11
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 12 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 物理学および天文学(全般)

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